Reference Materials

Texas Hazard Mitigation Package (THMP)


Below are a few Web Sites that contain more information about hazards, particularly as it pertains to mitigation planning.

There are also Web Sites to organizations with interests in hazard management and to Sites that contain more information about GIS technologies devoted to the subject, etc.



FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency)

Mitigation Division

The Mitigation Division manages the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) and a range of programs designed to reduce future losses to buildings and infrastructure caused by natural disasters.

Planning Resource Center & How-To-Guides
Variety of mitigation planning resources, including How-To Guides (i.e. Identifying Hazards and Estimating Losses) in PDF format.

National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP)
NFIP offers flood insurance to homeowners, renters and business owners, provided their communities use the NFIP's strategies for reducing flood risk.

Basics of Flooding, including flood preparedness and flood insurance

HAZUS-MH Resources
Resources for HAZUS-MH -- a GIS-based, natural hazard loss estimation tool developed by FEMA.


Governor's Division of Emergency Management, State of Texas (GDEM)

Home Page
GDEM is charged with carrying out a comprehensive all-hazard emergency management program for the State and for assisting cities, counties, and state agencies in planning and implementing their emergency management programs. A comprehensive emergency management program includes pre and post-disaster mitigation of known hazards to reduce their impact; preparedness activities, such as emergency planning, training, and exercises; provisions for effective response to emergency situations; and recovery programs for major disasters. GDEM is also responsible for supporting development of the Governor’s Homeland Security Strategy and implementing programs and projects to achieve state homeland security goals and objectives.

Mitigation Division
This GDEM page contains access to mitigation planning resources, including links to the State of Texas Mitigation Plan and a list of FEMA-approved Mitigation Action Plans.

Disaster Districts
Disaster Districts are the State’s regional emergency management organizations that serve as the initial source of state emergency assistance for local governments.



The Office of Management and Budget (OMB):
Disaster Help
Cutting-edge information technology to improve the delivery of disaster assistance information and services by creating a single Internet-based portal to serve the public’s requirement for assistance, and the government’s requirement to provide disaster information and services.



OTHER ORGANIZATIONS (w/ Hazard Interests)

Texas Association of Regional Councils (TARC)
Voluntary associations of local governments formed under Texas law. These associations deal with the problems and planning needs that cross the boundaries of individual local governments or that require regional attention.

Emergency Management Association of Texas (EMAT
EMAT enhances public safety through training, and providing support to certification and training programs. EMAT establishes relationships between public and private agencies, and strengthens intergovernmental, inter-agency and multi-disciplinary liaisons as they relate to integrated, comprehensive emergency management.

Texas Floodplain Managers Association (TFMA)
TFMA supports comprehensive non-structural management of the state's floodplains and related water resources. TFMA strives to educate the public about the risk of living in the floodplain, the need for flood insurance, and the need for hazard mitigation activities to break the cycle of rebuilding unwise development in our valuable waterways.


OTHER GIS TOOLS (for Mitigation Planning and Emergency Management):

ArcGIS (ArcView) for Emergency Planning and Analysis
ArcGIS is a desktop GIS product line developed by Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) used for mapping and analysis in a variety of applications. ArcView is the base GIS product used in the HAZUS-MH and CATS applications listed below.

HAZUS-MH is a custom GIS (an extension to ArcView; see above) developed by FEMA that performs damage and loss estimation analysis from natural hazards (flood, hurricane/wind and earthquake).

Consequences Assessment Tool Set (CATS)
CATS is a custom GIS (an extension to ArcView; see above) developed by SAIC for the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) and FEMA to assess consequences of disasters, natural or technological (man-made).